Virtualization Best Practices for XenAppWebsite Visitors:
One of the first questions when virtualizing XenApp is how many VMs to put on a server. Well, that was discussed in the Virtualize XenApp blog. Once you figure out how you plan to carve up the physical server, one of the next common questions is deciding which features of the hypervisor to enable/disable. For example, if I use XenServer, should I use the “Optimize for XenApp” setting? What about vSphere’s Transparent Page Sharing feature? And the big whopper, how should I allocate memory to my virtualized XenApp servers? Is it safe to use dynamic memory or am I safer to stick with fixed memory?
The following table is what Citrix Consulting has seen and recommends. By the way, if you want the entire discussion on virtualizing XenApp, then go to the XenDesktop Design Handbook and look in the Planning Guide section for XenApp Virtualization Best Practices.
|It is advisable not to allocate more vCPU than there are logical cores within the given hardware. Experience has shown that greater levels of scalability are achieved by not overcommitting CPU.
|Newer processors have the ability to do hyper-threading, where each
core is two logical cores. Utilizing hyper-threading in a XenApp
environment has been shown to improve user density.
|Disable ASLR: No
|As many organizations try to protect their XenApp servers from
viruses, malware and other OS exploits, it is advisable to keep Address
Space Layout Randomization enabled, which is the default setting. The
functionality is included with Windows 2008, Windows 2008 R2, Windows
Vista and Windows 7.
|Enable Transparent Page Sharing:
Depends on OS
|Enabling or disabling Transparent Page Sharing has not been shown to
either help or hurt performance on newer systems (Windows 2008, Windows
2008 R2, Windows Vista and Windows 7). However, older systems (Windows
2003 and Windows XP) have benefited, mostly because the page sizes are
smaller (4K), thus making it easier to share pages of memory.
|Optimize for XenApp:
|On systems utilizing pre-Nehalem processors, the XenServer setting
“Optimize for XenApp” provided increased scalability. Since the release
of the Nehalem processors, much of the functionality has been placed on
the hardware so this particular XenServer setting can be ignored.
|Disk Alignment: Yes
|As a host server will be running multiple instances of a server
operating system, it is even more important to optimize the disk
subsystem to improve performance and scalability as opposed to a system
running a single operating system. Windows 2003 is misaligned with
default installations. This should be corrected installation to help
reduce storage impact.
|As users are dynamically load balanced across XenApp servers, memory
usage between different virtual machines should be similar, helping
negate the need for dynamic memory allocation techniques. Also, if VM
migration strategies are used, this could cause memory overcommit
resulting in aggressive paging and poor performance across all XenApp
virtual machines. It is advisable to set fixed values for memory
reservations for XenApp virtual machines.
|Host Swapping: No
|In most environments, all XenApp servers are actively hosting users
at the same time. Swapping out memory from one XenApp host will degrade
performance for all virtual machines as the memory keeps getting
transferred to/from disk.
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